Crustal Deformation Group at Columbia University

The Crust-Def Group at Columbia University investigates how the earth's crust deforms in response to tectonic loading and how the deformation process leads to earthquake rupture and sedimentary basin development. Our research employs and integrates field observations, geophysical imaging, numerical modeling, and laboratory geomechanical rock testing experiments.

Group Members
Folarin Kolawole, Ph.D. (Principal Investigator)


Dr. Kolawole is the Principal investigator at the Crust-Def Group at Columbia University. He integrates field observations, geophysics, and geomechanics to study the brittle deformation of the Earth's crust. Folarin is currently investigating how strain is localized during the early stages of continental extension as well as basement structures that influence anthropogenically induced earthquakes and natural intraplate earthquakes.

Rasheed Ajala, Ph.D. (Postdoctoral Fellow)


Dr. Ajala is a Lamont-Doherty Postdoctoral Fellow at Columbia University. His primary research area is Computational Seismology, and he is interested in utilizing and developing seismic imaging techniques to understand the Earth’s crustal structure and evolution, and improving seismic hazard assessment. His current study areas include Southern California, Indo-Burma, Madagascar, East and Southern Africa.

Cameron Grant (Undergraduate Researcher)


Cameron is pursuing an undergraduate degree in Earth Sciences. Cameron is currently researching fault scaling relationships in regions of incipient continental rifting.

Lawson Goodloe (Undergraduate Researcher)


Lawson is pursuing an undergraduate degree in Earth & Environmental Engineering. Lawson is currently using seismology techniques to investigate crustal structure at propagating rift tips.